What does it take to lift a child out of the slum?

Murshida, resident of Topsia canalside squatter camp is 18 years old. She has just completed her final school exams. Her father is a tuktuk driver who earns about £2.50 (Rs200) a day. Most girls in this community marry at 12 or 13 years old but Murshida and Tiljala SHED's staff persuaded her parents to let her continue her education. Murshida has attended Tiljala SHED's classes since she was small and aspires now to become a teacher. She shows every sign of accomplishing her ambition.

So how does it worK? How does a child born in a shelter beside a railway line in Kolkata escape the cycle of poverty?  With illiterate parents, mother a rag picker, father a rickshaw wallah and often too drunk to work, both repeating the cycle of 2 or 3 generations since the family escaped starvation as landless rural poor by moving to the big city for a better life?  How can an anxious mother with 6 or 8 mouths to feed every day even think beyond the immediate daily imperatives of food and shelter?

What on earth does an NGO like Tiljala SHED hope to achieve by engaging with a community like these in central Kolkata, so entrenched on the margins of society, despised by everyone, often abused, at best ignored?

Where are the role models, the ones that broke free, the ones that show us our work is worthwhile and that change is possible? 

Well they do stand before us - first, in the person of Md Alamgir, founder of Tiljala SHED, himself of the OBC (other backward castes) community (the Jolah Ansari Momin, traditionally artisans and weavers of northern India).   Alamgir, son of a poor street vendor, got himself to university and became a teacher.  Wishing to give back to the community which raised him, he set up Tiljala SHED in 1987.  Members of  T Shed's staff, the governing body, volunteers and supporters are also from the community.  Many young men and women have stepped out of the slum and into university.  Just this week we have heard of one of our destitute girls, Madhu, starting a well-paid job in one of Kolkata's top beauty salons and of another, Shaista, winning an award for her progress towards her dream of joining the Indian Police Service and fixing the problems of crime and abuse on the very streets where she lives.  We have Sofia, born in the Auddy Bagan slum, who has defied all expectations and has just been appointed Block Development Officer in Kalyani for the Government of West Bengal.  And then we have the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, himself born into a modest family of grocers in a backward caste - who resisted an early marriage and rose to the very highest post in the land.  He has been responsible for much of the vital legislation aimed at lifting up the poor and under-served communities, legislation which lies at the heart of what Tiljala SHED does - helping the poor and illiterate access and assert their rights - the right to education, identity, voter cards, ration cards, bank accounts and other financial services.
Foroz Ali, 11 years old, a resident of Park Circus railway squatters comes from a poor background. His family has been living along the railway squatters since 50 years.  His father was a rag picker but recently he has purchased a van and earns his livelihood from the van. He earns an average of Rs.400 per day. Foroz wants to become a doctor.  He regularly attends our coaching centre to study and get proper guidance from the teachers.

And this is why our work is so important.  We have to be there for every child who dreams of something bigger, every child who wants to help his or her family, every child who wants to correct injustice, to teach, to heal, to create, to inform.  We need to provide an environment where a child who dreams gets a helping hand, the tools and opportunities he or she needs to change his or her life.

So 600 children of rag pickers, rickshaw drivers, maidservants, vegetable sellers are enrolled on Tiljala SHED's Education and Child Protection programme.  They are required to attend their local government school but in the afternoon they attend remedial classes in T SHED's 5 centres, one in the heart of each community where we work.  Here they play, sing, complete their homework, attend remedial sessions and child protection workshops. They love the classes and attendance is very high.  Their parents are also closely involved - after all it is only with the parents' consent that the children remain in education and avoid dropping out.  Tiljala SHED works very hard to persuade the parents that a proper education is worth the sacrifice of anything a boy might earn rag picking or working in a factory. And infinitely better than marrying off a daughter as soon as she reaches puberty.

Tarannum Parveen, a very bright girl, 14 years, from Topsia Canalside squatters is now studying in class V. Her father is an alcoholic and drives a rickshaw. He seldom contributes to his family. The change maker is her mother who is a maid servant and works in two different houses and earns an income of Rs.6000 per month. One of her sisters has been deserted by her husband and she also stays with her two daughters in this house.
Tarannum is a very ambitious girl and wants to become a teacher and support her family. She lost few years in school as she was in village and she lost few years in school while transferring from one school to another. She is studying hard to reach her goal. She regularly attends our coaching centre and is very much motivated to continue her studies as once upon a time she wanted to quit from her studies. 
Another key pillar of the Education Programme comes from all the opportunities that local well-wishers and supporters provide: an invitation to games and tea in someone's garden; a trip to a supermarket, to the cinema, a bus trip out into the countryside; a drive around in a car or a bus; a lecture at a local college; fundraising activities; a visit from a corporate supporter, a private individual, a bunch of volunteers asking questions and taking photos.  All these experiences give a child a glimpse of life beyond the slum, away from the tumbledown shelters, the noise and the chaos of home.  These are the experiences that show a child that there is more to life, something worth working for, a reason to read, do maths, attend school every day.

This is the partnership required to raise a child to be the very best she or he can be:  the child's own determination to succeed; the consent of the parents; support from the wider community; Tiljala SHED's amazing work.

And the cost of giving a child the opportunity for a better life…

£11 a month. 


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